Continued from 2nd Leuchter Report, Part C
BIBLIOGRAPHY edited by Dr. Robert Faurisson I
The Leuchter Report, No. 1
- Fred A. Leuchter, An Engineering Report on the Alleged Execution Gas
Chambers at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek, Poland (Prepared for Ernst
Zündel), 1988, 193 pp. [Report entered as a lettered exhibit at the
"false news" trial of Ernst Zündel in 1988, Toronto, Canada;
contains copies of the original Certificates of Analysis of brick and mortar
- Fred A. Leuchter, The Leuchter Report: The End of a Myth, Foreword
by Dr. Robert Faurisson, Samisdat Publishers Ltd., 1988, 132 pp., Printed
under licence in the U.S.A., P.O. Box 726, Decatur, Alabama 35602 U.S.A.
[Illustrated edition of the Report; Results of the analysis of the brick
and mortar are presented in condensed chart format.]
- II Dachau
- IMT Doc. L-159: Document No. 47 of the 79th Congress, 1st Session,
Senate: Report (May 15, 1945) of the Committee Requested by Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower to the Congress of the U.S. relative to Atrocities and other
Conditions in Concentration Camps in Germany, IMT, XXXVII, pp. 605-626
at p. 621:
- "A distinguishing feature of the Dachau Camp was the gas chamber
for the execution of prisoners and the somewhat elaborate facilities for
execution by shooting. -The gas chamber was located in the center of a
large room in the crematory building. It was built of concrete. Its dimensions
were about 20 by 20 feet, and the ceiling was some 10 feet in height! In
two opposite walls of the chamber were airtight doors through which condemned
prisoners could be taken into the chamber for execution and removed after
execution. The supply of gas into the chamber was controlled by means of
two valves on one of the outer walls, and beneath the valves was a small
glass-covered peephole through which the operator could watch the victims
die. The gas was let into the chamber through pipes terminating in perforated
brass fixtures set into the ceiling. The chamber was of size sufficient
to execute probably a hundred men at one time."
- IMT Doc. PS-2430: Nazi Concentration and Prisoner-of-War Camps: A Documentary
Motion Picture, November 24, 1945, IMT, XXX, pp. 357-472, at p.470:
- "Dachau-factory of horrors...Hanging in orderly rows were the
clothes of prisoners who had been suffocated in the lethal gas chamber.
They had been persuaded to remove their clothing under the pretext of taking
a shower for which towels and soap were provided. This is the Brausebad-the
showerbath. Inside the showerbath-the gas vents. On the ceiling-the dummy
shower heads. In the engineers' room-the intake and outlet pipes. Push
buttons to control inflow and outtake of gas. A hand-valve to regulate
pressure. Cyanide powder was used to generate the lethal smoke. From the
gas chamber, the bodies were removed to the crematory."
- IMT Doc. NO-3859/64 and 3884/89: 28 pages of German documents and plans
(1942) about "Baracke X" (Staatsarchiv Nürnberg) [None of
these documents or plans indicate that a gas chamber existed.]
- O.S.S. Section, Seventh Army (U.S.A.), Dachau Concentration Camp, Foreword
by William W. Quinn, Colonel, 1945, 68 pp. at p.33: "GAS CHAMBERS:
The internees who were brought to Camp Dachau for the sole purpose of being
executed were in most cases Jews and Russians. They were brought into the
compound, lined up near the gas chambers, and were screened in a similar
manner as internees who came to Dachau for imprisonment. Then they were
marched to a room and told to undress. Everyone was given a towel and a
piece of soap, as though they were about to take a shower. During this
whole screening process, no hint was ever given that they were to be executed,
for the routine was similar upon the arrival of all internees at the camp.
-Then they entered the gas chamber. Over the entrance, in large black letters,
was written 'Brause Bad' (showers). There were about 15 shower faucets
suspended from the ceiling from which gas was then released. There was
one large chamber, capacity of which was 200, and five smaller gas chambers,
capacity of each being 50. It took approximately 10 minutes for the execution.
From the gas chamber, the door led to the Krematory to which the bodies
were removed by internees who were selected for the job. The dead bodies
were then placed in 5 furnaces, two to three bodies at a time."
- Mission Militaire Francaise aupres du 6e groupe d'armees, Guerre chimique,
nr 23/7, Chambre a gaz de Dachau, rapports du capitaine Fribourg, 5 mai
et 17 mai 1945, 5 pp.; 6 planches; 1 photo (25 mai 1945). Captain Fribourg
did not reach any conclusion in his report concerning the gas chamber after
a one day investigation at Dachau. Fribourg stated that a second visit
would be necessary in order to discover the circulation of the toxic gas
and the possible communication with the disinfection gas chambers. He also
stated that the testing of all of the walls was necessary.
- Headquarters Third United States Army, Enemy Equipment Intelligence
Service Team Number 1, Chemical Warfare Service, 22 August 1945, Report
from Joseph H. Gilbert to Major James F. Munn: Subject: Dachau Gas Chamber
(3 pp; enclosures) at p.3: "Based on the interviews noted above, and
further, based on actual inspection of the Dachau gas chamber (it has apparently
been unused), it is the opinion of the undersigned that the gas chamber
was a failure for execution purposes and that no experimental work ever
took place in it. In view of the fact that much reliable information has
been furnished the Allies by former inmates regarding the malaria, air
pressure and cold water experiments, it is reasonable to assume that if
such gas experiments took place, similar information would be available."
- Plan of Crematory Area (Dachau) in Philipp Rauscher, Never Again/Jamais
Plus, Munich, 1945 (?)
- Stephen F. Pinter, Letter on "German Atrocities" in Our Sunday
Visitor, 14 June 1959, p. 15: "I was in Dachau for 17 months after
the war, as a U.S. War Department Attorney, and can state that there was
no gas chamber at Dachau."
- Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the
Jews of Europe, 1939-1945, Jason Aronson Inc., London, 1987 reprint, originally
published in 1953, 638 pp. at p. 134:
- "Thus, eventually every German concentration camp acquired a gas
chamber of sorts, though their use proved difficult. The Dachau gas chamber,
for instance, has been preserved by the American occupation authorities
as an object lesson, but its construction was hampered and its use restricted
to a few experimental victims, Jews or Russian prisoners of war, who had
been committed by the Munich Gestapo."
- Dr. Martin Broszat, Institute of Contemporary History in Munich, Letter
in Die Zeit, 19 August 1960, p. 16:
- "Weder in Dachau noch in Bergen-Belsen noch in Buchenwald sind
Juden oder andere Häftlinge vergast worden. Die Gaskammer in Dachau
wurde nie ganz fertiggestellt und 'in Betrieb' genommen." [Translation:
"Neither in Dachau, nor in Bergen-Belsen, nor in Buchenwald, were
Jews or other inmates gassed. The gas chamber in Dachau was never completed
and put 'into operation'".]
- Dr. Robert Faurisson, "The Müller Document", The Journal
of Historical Review, Spring 1988, pp. 117- 126. The Allied military police
and their Austrian auxiliaries regularly received copies of the reports
made out by the Allied Commissions of Inquiry on the concentration camps.
Those reports were needed to conduct research on "war crimes".
On October 1, 1948, Commandant Müller and his second-in-command, Emil
Lachout, sent the following circular letter from Vienna to all interested
- "Military Police Service. Circular Letter No. 31/48. Vienna, 1
Oct. 1948. 10th dispatch. 1. The Allied Commissions of Inquiry have so
far established that no people were killed by poison gas in the following
concentration camps: Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenbürg,
Gross-Rosen, Mauthausen and its satellite camps, Natzweiler, Neuengamme,
Niederhagen (Wewelsburg), Ravensbrück, Sachsenhausen, Stutthof, Theresienstadt.
-In those cases, it has been possible to prove that confessions had been
extracted by tortures and that testimonies were false. - This must be taken
into account when conducting investigations and interrogations with respect
to war crimes. - The result of this investigation should be brought to
the cognizance of former concentration camp inmates who at the time of
the hearings testified on the murder of people, especially Jews, with poison
gas in those concentration camps. Should they insist on their statements,
charges are to be brought against them for making false statements."
- Comite international de Dachau, Concentration Camp Dachau 1933-1945,
1978, 229 pp. at p. 165: [Translation]:
- "The gas chamber, disguised as a shower room, was never put into
operation. Thousands of inmates destined for annihilation were sent to
other camps for gassing or to Hartheim Castle near Linz."
- Dr. Robert Faurisson, Memoire en defense contre ceux qui m'accusent
de falsifier l'Histoire, Paris, La Vieille Taupe, 1980. Faurisson discusses
at p. 204-209 the failure of Barbara Distel, Director of the Dachau Museum,
and Dr. A. Guerisse, President of the International Committee of Dachau
in Brussels, to provide him, in a series of correspondence in 1977-78,
with any proof of the allegation that there was a execution gas chamber
- Dr. Robert Faurisson, "Response to a Paper Historian", The
Journal of Historical Review, Spring 1986. At p. 62, Faurisson analyses
the testimony of Fernand Grenier contained in the latter's book C'etait
ainsi (1940-1945), Editions sociales, 7th ed., 1970, where Grenier wrote
the following at p. 267:
- [Translation] "To the side of the four crematory ovens which never
stopped working there was a room: some showers with sprinkler heads in
the ceiling. In the preceding year  they had given a towel and a
piece of soap to 120 children, from 8 to 14 years of age. They were quite
happy when they went inside. The doors were closed. Asphyxiating gas came
out of the showers. Ten minutes later, death had killed these innocents
whom the crematory ovens reduced to ashes an hour later."
- Rene Levesque, Memoirs, Toronto, McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1986,
at pp. 192-193:
- "Before putting their prisoners to work the Germans always stripped
them of all their possessions, including their gold teeth. Then they worked
them to death, especially the last year when rations were becoming scarce.
At the end of the road they were sent to the "baths" (Baden),
shabby-looking sheds linked to a reservoir by a couple of pipes. When the
baths were full to the seams they opened the gas, and then, when the last
groans had ceased, the bodies were taken to the ovens next door. - When
news of this reached Quebec, and for some time after, people refused to
believe. Heavy scepticism greeted such stories, which surpassed understanding...I
can assure you that it was real, all right, that the gas chamber was real
in its nightmarish unreality. The loaders had gone, trying to save their
skins, leaving behind their last load of corpses, naked as worms in their
- Sign exhibited in the Dachau "gas chamber" by museum authorities
read until the mid-eighties as follows: "GAS CHAMBER disguised as
a 'shower room' - never used". The sign was changed in the mid-eighties
to read: "GAS CHAMBER disguised as a 'shower room' - never used as
a gas chamber."
- II Mauthausen Concentration Camp
- IMT Doc. PS-1515: Protocol by the Commander of the Mauthausen Concentration
Camp, SS-Colonel Franz Ziereis (unsigned and undated by deponee). Staff
Evidence Analysis of this document, dated 6 October 1945, states:
- "In one village, called Hartheim, there was a large gassing establishment
where, in Ziereis' estimate, between 1 and 1.5 million people were killed...Other
physicians, so-called 'psychiatrists', proclaimed thousands of inmates
as psychiatric cases and sent them to Hartheim...Ziereis claims to have
seen the records which indicated that four millions were killed in this
way...Ziereis estimates that in the Warsaw-Kowno-Riga-Libau area, 16 million
people were killed." [Note: Prosecution was directed not to use PS-1515
as "this statement has been corrected and superseded. See= 3870-PS".]
- IMT Doc. PS-3870: Affidavit of Hans Marsalek, sworn 8 April 1946 (made
more than 10 months following the death of Ziereis May, 1945), IMT, Vol.
XXXIII, pp. 279-286.Marsalek swore that:
- "Franz Ziereis was interrogated by me in the presence of the Commander
of the 11th Armored Division (American Armored Division) Seibel; the former
prisoner and physician Dr. Koszeinski; and in the presence of another Polish
citizen, name unknown, for a period of six to eight hours. The interrogation
was effected in the night from 22 May to 23 May 1945. Franz Ziereis was
seriously wounded-his body had been penetrated by three bullets-and knew
that he would die shortly and told me the following:...'A gassing plant
was built in Concentration Camp Mauthausen by order of the former garrison
doctor, Dr. Krebsbach, camouflaged as a bathroom. Prisoners were gassed
in this camouflaged bathroom...The gassing of the prisoners was done on
the urging of SS Hauptsturmführer Dr. Krebsbach...SS Gruppenführer
Glücks gave the order to classify weak prisoners as mentally deranged
and to kill them by a gas plant which existed in the Castle Hartheim near
Linz. There, about a million or a million and a half human beings were
- IMT Doc. PS-2285: Sworn statement of Lieutenant Colonel Guivante de
Saint Gast and Lieutenant Jean Veith, both of the French Army, IMT, Vol.
XXX, pp. 141-143:
- "The K prisoners were taken directly to the prison where they
were unclothed and taken to the "bathrooms". This bathroom in
the cellars of the prison building near the crematory was specially designed
for executions (shooting and gassing). - The shooting too place by mans
of a measuring apparatus. The prisonner [sic] being backed towards a metrical
measure with an automatic contraption releasing a bullet in his neck as
soon as the moving plank determining his height touched the top of his
head. -If a transport consisted of too many 'K' prisoners, instead of losing
time for the 'measuration' they were extermined by gas sent into the bathroom
instead of water."
- IMT Doc. PS-2430: Nazi Concentration and Prisoner-of-War Camps: A Documentary
Motion Picture, November 24, 1945, ibid., at p.468. Unlike the segment
of the film dealing with Dachau, the segment dealing with Mauthausen contains
no footage of any alleged gas chamber. The film simply shows an American
Naval Lieutenant from Hollywood, California, affirming that people had
been executed by gas in the camp.
- IMT Doc. PS-2753: Affidavit of SS man Alois Höllriegl, Sworn 7
November 1945, IMT, Vol. XXXI, p. 93:
- "The noise which accompanied the process of gassing was well known
- IMT Doc. PS-3845: Interrogation Report of Albert Tiefenbacher, taken
on 7 December 1945, IMT, Vol. XXXIII, pp. 213-229. The transcript reads:
- "Question - Do you remember the gas chamber camouflaged as a bath
house? Answer: Yes, we always helped to carry the dead from the gas chamber.
Q. - There were no shower baths in the chamber? A. - Yes. Cold and warm
water was supposed to come out of them, but the flow of the water could
be regulated from the outside of the room and mostly the water was turned
off. On the outside of the room was the gas reservoir and two gas pipes
led from the outside into the room. There was a slot at the back and the
gas emanated from this slot. Q. - Gas never came from the showers? A. -
All the showers were plugged. It was just to make the effect that the prisoners
were entering a bathroom."
- IMT Doc. PS-3846: Interrogation Report of Johann Kanduth, taken on
30 November 1945, IMT, Vol. XXXIII, pp. 230-243.
- Gerald Reitlinger, ibid., at p.474:
- "On May 8th, when Patton's troops entered the camp, Ziereis was
identified in the camp precincts and shot in the stomach. His dying confession,
having been taken down by an inmate in the presence of American officers
who could not understand German, is not very reliable."
- Hans Marsalek, Die Geschichte des Konzentrationslagers Mauthausen:
Dokumentation, Österreichische Lagergemeinschaft Mauthausen, Wien,
1980, 229 pp. at p.211:
- [Translation] "Before gassings, an SS N.C.O. heated a brick in
one of the Krema ovens and brought it into a small, divided room, located
next to the gas chamber. This gas chamber contained a table, gas masks
and a gas introduction unit connected with the gas chamber by means of
a pipe. The hot brick was then laid on the bottom of the gas introduction
unit; this served to accelerate the process of "Zyklon B" crystals
changing into liquid gas. With sufficient gas in the chamber, death by
suffocation occurred in about 10-20 minutes. - When an SS doctor, watching
through an observation "peephole" ascertained the onset of death,
the gas chamber was cleared of gas by ventilators sucking it out into the
open air. - The whole gassing process for one group, consisting of approximately
30 persons - beginning with undressing, the so-called medical examination,
murder, clearing the gas chamber of gas and removal of cadavers took about
one and a half to two and a half hours."
- Pierre Serge Choumoff, Les Chambres a gaz de Mauthausen, camp de concentration
nazi, Amicale des deportes de Mauthausen, 1972, 96 pp. [See below.]
- Pierre Serge Choumoff, Les Assassinats par gaz a Mauthausen et Gusen,
camps de concentration nazis en territoire autrichien, Amicale des deportes
de Mauthausen, 1987, 64 pp.. The writings of Choumoff, a professional engineer,
exhibit extreme confusion concerning the gas chambers. He provides no technical
evidence or details as might be expected from an engineer, but instead
relies on the usual "eye witness" accounts (Kanduth, Ornstein,
Roth, Reinsdorf,...). He appears to consider the mere presence of "Zyklon
B" insecticide in the camp as proof of homicidal gassings. Choumoff
estimates that at least 3,455 people were gassed in the alleged gas chambers
- Eugen Kogon, Hermann Langbein, Adalbert Rückerl, Nationalsozialistische
Massentötungen durch Giftgas, Frankfurt, S. Fischer, 1983, pp.245-254
at pp. 245-246:
- [Translation] "At the main camp, which had been established east
of Linz in August 1938, the construction of a gas chamber began in the
fall of 1941. The gas chamber was located in the basement of the hospital
building, with the crematoria close by. It was a windowless room, camouflaged
as a shower room, 3.80 meters in length and 3.50 meters wide. A ventilation
unit was installed, the side walls consisted partly of tiles. There were
two doors which could be closed airtight. All switches for electrical lighting,
ventilation, water supply and the heating unit were located on the outside
of this room. From an adjacent room, called the "gas cell", gas
entered through an enamelled pipe that had a slot approximately 1 meter
long cut into it on the side facing the wall which was therefore invisible
to the occupant of this room. - Remnants of this gassing unit are still
- Yehuda Bauer, A History of the Holocaust, Institute of Contemporary
Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, with the assistance of Nili Keren,
Franklin Watts Publ., Toronto, 1982, at p. 209:
- "Although no gassings took place at Mauthausen, many Jews, as
well as non-Jews, died there in a process the Nazis called 'extermination
- Michel de Boüard (former inmate at Mauthausen), honorary dean
of the Faculty of Letters at the University of Caen, member of the Committee
for the History of the Second World War, member of the Institut de France:
Statement made in an interview published in Ouest-France, August 2-3, 1986,
- "In the monograph on Mauthausen that I published in "Revue
d'histoire de la [Deuxieme] Guerre mondiale "in 1954, I mentioned
a gas chamber on two occasions. When the time of reflection had arrived,
I said to myself: where did you arrive at the conviction that there was
a gas chamber in Mauthausen? This cannot have been during my stay in this
camp, for neither myself nor anybody else ever suspected that there was
one there. This must therefore be a piece of 'baggage' that I picked up
after the war; this was [an] admitted [fact] but I noticed that in my text-although
I have the habit of supporting most of my affirmations by references- there
was none referring to the gas chamber..."
- Sign exhibited in the gas chamber at Mauthausen (as of April, 1989)
- "The Gas Chamber - The gas chamber was camouflaged as a bathroom
by sham showers and waterpipes. Cyclone B gas was sucked in and exhausted
through a shaft (situated in the corner on the right) from the operating
room into the gas chamber. The gas-conduit was removed shortly before liberation
on April 4th, 1945."
- During the investigation made of the Mauthausen "gas chamber"
by the Leuchter team on April 10, 1989, an official of the museum stated
that the explanation printed on the sign about a shaft was wrong. He explained
that the gas had actually been inletted through a perforated pipe through
an opposite wall. The pipe was no longer there, nor were there any remaining
traces of its existence. The official stated that the first explanation
provided regarding the operation of the chamber, by inmates who had said
that the gas had entered the chamber through the shower heads, had long
since been abandoned.
- IV Hartheim Castle
- Lucy S. Dawidowicz, The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945, New York,
Bantam Books, 1975, 610 pp. at p. 178-179:
- "Patients slated for killing...were then transferred to one of
six 'euthanasia' installations (at Bernburg, Brandenburg, Grafeneck, Hadamar,
Hartheim, and Sonnenstein)...The procedure was pragmatically simple and
convincingly deceptive. In groups of twenty to thirty, the patients were
ushered into a chamber camouflaged as a shower room. It was an ordinary
room, fitted with sealproof doors and windows, into which gas piping had
been laid. The compressed gas container and the regulating equipment were
located outside. Led into the chamber on the pretext that they were to
take showers, the patients were gassed by the doctor on duty."
- No source is given for the description of this procedure.
- Hans Marsalek, Hartheim, Establishment for Euthanasia and Gassing:
Accessory Camp to the KZ (Concentration Camp) of Mauthausen, (abridged
version for the Austrian Mauthausen Camp Community, translated by Peter
Reinberg). 4 pp. Available at Hartheim Castle. (1989). This pamphlet states
that approximately 30,000 people were gassed at Hartheim by "Zyklon
- While books written about Mauthausen refer to the gas chamber at Hartheim
Castle, very little information is given concerning it. In his above-mentioned
1972 book, P. S. Choumoff states at p. 41, footnote 18 and 19, that people
were killed by carbon monoxide gas at Hartheim. Reitlinger, ibid., states
at p. 147 that people taken from Dachau "were gassed at Schloss Hartheim".
Hilberg, ibid., states at pp.872-873 that Hartheim was one of several euthanasia
stations "equipped with gas chambers and bottled, chemically pure
carbon monoxide gas."
- V 1988: Jewish Historians Confront the Problem of the Gas Chambers
- Olga Wormser-Migot, Le Systeme Concentrationnaire Nazi (1932-1945),
Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1968, 670 pp. The section at pp.
541-545 of this thesis is entitled in French: "The Problem of the
Gas Chambers". The author does not believe there were any gas chambers
in either Dachau or Mauthausen.
- Lucy Dawidowicz, in The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945, ibid., does
not mention gas chambers or gassings at either Dachau or Mauthausen.
- Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, Revised and Definitive
Edition, New York, Holmes & Meier, 1985. In this "definitive"
three volume work of some 1,274 pages, Hilberg makes no mention of gas
chambers or gassings at either Dachau or Mauthausen.
- Arno J. Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The "Final Solution"
in History, New York, Pantheon Books, 1988, at p.362: "Sources for
the study of the gas chambers are at once rare and unreliable...Most of
what is known is based on the depositions of Nazi officials and executioners
at postwar trials and on the memory of survivors and bystanders. This testimony
must be screened carefully, since it can be influenced by subjective factors
of great complexity. Diaries are rare, and so are authentic documents about
the making, transmission, and implementation of the extermination policy.
But additional evidence may still come to light. Private journals and official
papers are likely to surface. Since Auschwitz and Majdanek, as well as
the four out-and-out killing centers, were liberated by the Red Army, the
Soviet archives may well yield significant clues and evidence when they
are opened. In addition, excavations at the killing sites and in their
immediate environs may also bring forth new information."
- Four (4) Drawings.
- "Baracke X", Dachau Shower room, Dachau Shower room, Mauthausen
Alleged Gas Chamber, Hartheim Castle
- All prepared for this report by S. Devine, Fred A. Leuchter Associates,
- Chemical Analysis - Four (4) samples Prepared by Alpha Analytical Labs
For Fred A. Leuchter Associates, Inc.
- Assorted Photos By Fred A. Leuchter Associates, Inc./Samisdat/Eugen
- Sample Log